Merits of Knowledge

جهة الترجمة: من العربية إلى الانجليزية

الباب الأول
منافع وحسنات العلم
العلم هو إدراك الشيء على ما هو به، وزوال الخفاء عن المعلوم، وهو نور البصيرة ونعمة الفهم للتمييز بين الخطأ والصواب، سواء ما يخص العبادات أو المعاملات، وحقيقة العلم بالخير السكون فيه، وحقيقة العلم بالشر الخروج عنه، وبالعلم تُحث الخطى في طريق السلامة، والجهل نقيض العلم مستغنٍ عن التعريف فهو شقاء وظلام، أما العقل فهو جوهر تُدرك به الغائبات بالوسائط والمحسوسات بالمشاهدة، والعقل يمنع ذوي العقول من العدول عن سواء السبيل والصحيح، وأساس الأمور العقل وفروعها التجربة، والعقل قائد الإنسان للخير والصلاح.
ميّز الله سبحانه وتعالى الإنسان بالعقل عن باقي مخلوقاته ليتعرف من خلاله إلى عظمة الله سبحانه وتعالى ووجوده، وليكون دليل الإنسان إلى الصواب والنجاة، ويجنبه الفساد والضّلال، وهو حُجة الله على عبده يوم الحساب، وجوهر الإنسان العقل، وهو نور في القلب يُفرق بين الحق والباطل، ودليل عقل المرء قوله، ودليل أصله فعله.
خلق الله المخلوقات وهو موصوف بالرحمة والرأفة، ويريد بعباده اليسر والهداية والصلاح، لذلك أرسل لهم الرسل والأنبياء والكتب السماوية لإزالة الجهل والغموض عن سر هذه الكون وخالقه كي يستفيق الإنسان من غفلته، ويتعرف إلى قدرة الخالق الجليل وعظمته، وكان آخر الأنبياء والمرسلين النَبي العربيّ محمّد (صلى الله عليه وسلم) وآخر الكتب السماوية القرآن الكريم، وبهما أخرجت الحياة الإنسانية من الظلمات إلى النور ومن التّيه إلى الرُشد، وتمت البشرى والنجاة لمن آمن بالله ورسوله، وكفى من كان بالله صادقاً ومصدقاً، وكان بالله عالماً ومعلماً.

Merits of Knowledge

It is necessary from the outset to define and understand three basic terms. The first one is knowledge. The Arabic lexicon defines knowledge as “the process whereby a given thing is perceived as it really is and whereby any uncertainty about it is removed.” Knowledge is, in fact, the source of insight that we need to distinguish between what is right and wrong not only in our religious practices, but also in our daily lives. Knowledge illuminates man’s path towards safety and, as such, can be seen as the opposite of our next term “ignorance”, which is, needless to say, equal to misery and darkness. Our third term is “mind” that can overlap sometimes, depending on context, with such terms as “reason” and “reasoning”. It is an immaterial substance which renders the unseen perceivable through the use of some mental mechanisms, and the sensed objects through sensation.

By the mind, “mindful” people, so often called “sane”, watch for the straight path, which they must pursue in life so as not to commit wrongful acts. Mind comes first in all man’s acts and experience comes second. At the end of the day, it is mind that can lead man to goodness and righteousness.

God bestowed on man the power to reason, which sets man aside from other animals. Through this faculty, man can learn about the greatness of God but also about his own being. Mind, therefore, serves as a guide for man to righteousness and salvation and provides him with safeguards against being corrupted or going astray. Mind is the standard that is used in the Day of Judgment when reckoning man for his acts in this life.

God is also merciful and does not mean for His servants a strenuous journey towards guidance. Rather, He sent them messengers, prophets and heavenly books to remove any ignorance or misunderstanding of the secrets of the universe and the existence of God. Man needs to be awakened and to learn about the omnipotence of God. Thus, with the last prophet, Messenger Muhammad, and the last heavenly book, the Quran, human life has had a chance to get out from the darkness of digression into the light of righteousness. It was a good omen by God to mankind. The omen has been fulfilled and salvation has been attained by those who believed in God and His messenger.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s